What Causes Dandruff?
Dandruff, also known as Seborrhoec dermatitis, is a condition that causes oily, red patches on the scalp, breastbone, eyebrows, sides of the nose or behind the ears. Skin affected by this condition may also be covered in a layer of white (or yellow) flaky, excess skin called dandruff.
Other potential causes include:
- Not shampooing often enough
When you forego washing your hair on a regular basis, oils and skin cells from your scalp may build up and cause dandruff. Use Hairvital shampoo for daily washing and K2 Zole lotion as an anti-dandruff wash.
- Sensitivity to hair care ingredients
Certain hair care products may leave you with a red, itchy scalp, so it’s important to test new products first before beginning daily use.
- Too much sugar in your diet
A diet high in sugar increases blood pressure, promotes an overgrowth of the candida yeast, and depletes B vitamins, which may contribute to or cause dandruff.
Dandruff is more experienced in cold weather as the cold air outside and dry heat inside combined with hot showers often leaves scalp dry, flaky, and itchy. Scratching the same may make a bad situation worse. When we scratch our skin, we damage it and make secondary infection with yeast or bacteria more likely.
Unfortunately, scalp dandruff has a tendency to disappear and reappear spontaneously. However, it’s typically easy to manage your symptoms using professional or over-the-counter treatments and by avoiding your triggers.
How to Get Rid of Dandruff
- Cleanse with a dandruff shampoo.
Medicated dandruff shampoo is one of the easiest and best ways to control your dandruff and itching associated with it. Ingredients in shampoos that are helpful include tea tree oil, zinc, selenium sulfide, salicylic acid, and tar. These ingredients quiet inflammation, slough off excess skin cells and fight bacteria/yeast that can cause infection.
At the first sign of dandruff, look for an over-the-counter shampoo that includes ketoconazole, coal tar, zinc pyrithione, piroctone olamine, or selenium sulfide. These antifungals may help reduce the spread of bacteria on your scalp and reduce dandruff. It’s also important to include anti-inflammatory ingredients like salicylic acid or sulfur to relieve any itchiness associated with scalp dandruff. Alternating between two medicated shampoos may help eliminate hair dandruff more effectively. There are stronger prescription shampoos and solutions available like K2 Zole shampoo, Cosalic lotion and Cosalic-K lotion
- Treat with a medicated cream or serum.
Antifungal creams can help make your scalp healthier and less prone to dandruff, while salicylic acid works as an exfoliant as well as an anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial treatment. Cosalic lotion is best advised.
- Soak your hair in an apple cider vinegar mixture.
As a natural astringent, vinegar may help prevent dry, flaky skin and dandruff by toning and clarifying the skin. For a natural home remedy, mix a 1:1 ratio of apple cider vinegar and warm water and rinse your hair thoroughly. Leave this mixture on overnight, then wash and rinse as normal in the morning.
- Try opting for an anti-dandruff diet to prevent future problems.
Keep your diet filled with foods rich in zinc and B vitamins to help ward off dandruff. Zinc and B6 are natural powerhouses against dandruff, so fill your plate with poultry, nuts, and whole grains. Likewise, it’s important to avoid eating too much sugar. Sugar may trigger an overgrowth of the candida yeast on your skin and impact the levels of vitamins C and E in the body. These vitamins play an important role in fighting dandruff and keeping your immune system strong.
If you have dry, itchy, inflamed skin that does not go away after two weeks, it’s important to see a dermatologist. You may be experiencing an allergic reaction to certain hair care products, suffering from skin inflammation, or psoriasis. Your dermatologist may help identify the cause of your seborrheic dermatitis and provide appropriate treatment.